More and more evidence shows that learning a second language is not only an enormous advantage for our life, but also an essential training to keep our brain healthy and fit. Specifically, english tuition centre singapore produces long-term beneficial results and helps prevent, delay or mitigate the effects of some of the most widespread neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s.
The scientific journal PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences) of the National Academy of Science of the United States recently published a study of the researchers of the San Raffaele Hospital in Milan, which revealed a relevant data related to the development of neurodegenerative diseases: The conclusions of the study showed evidence that Alzheimer’s disease appeared later in bilingual people and, moreover, it did so with less severe symptoms.
Alzheimer’s disease (currently without effective treatment) is the most common form of dementia, and is especially relevant in people over 65 years of age. It involves acute cognitive impairment and behavioral disorders, loss of immediate memory and other mental abilities as nerve cells (neurons) die and different brain areas atrophy.
During the San Raffaele Hospital Study , the researchers measured the impact of the disease on a sample of 85 patients, a part of whom spoke two or more languages and the other only Italian: the findings showed that people with Alzheimer’s disease and spoke At least two languages were, on average, five years older than those who spoke only one language, and, still suffering from the disease, retained a greater ability to recognize faces, places and other relevant data.
“When comparing the results of the study it is observed that the more two languages are used, the higher the level of the effects in the brain and the better the performance.” The question is not so much to know two languages, but to use them constantly in an active way. , and throughout life “in the words of researcher Daniela Perani .
Similar results were obtained in 2011, when the American Association for the Advancement of Science , presented the results of a study of its own, according to which, after analyzing 450 patients with Alzheimer’s, those who had spoken two languages most of their lives developed the illness, on average, 5 years later than monolingual people .
Therefore it seems that bilingualism, education and the practice of certain stimulating recreational activities favor the cognitive reserve: the ability to speak two languages, or more, implies a modification of brain function at two levels: one on metabolic activity frontal and another on the connectivity between different brain regions, which allows minimizing the negative effects of this type of diseases in bilingual people.
Therefore, Science shows us that learning languages not only allows us to communicate with many more people, boost our professional career, or access to more knowledge, it is also the best training to guarantee the health of our brain in the long term.